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Repair 4 in 1 Chainmail: Identify the 4 in 1 Pattern

Most European chainmaille you will find is crafted in the 4 in 1 pattern. There is no mystery to the name, it simply means four rings in one ring. If you are repairing a coif, hauburk, or Chain leggings it is most likely in this pattern. I have highlighted 4 pink rings inside one blue ring. With the coloured rings you should be able to see this pattern repeating itself throughout the image. If you have confirmed that this pattern matches the item you are repairing you will need two pairs of pliers to simply bend the rings (open & closed). It doesn't matter what kind of pliers you use though I find on large chainmaille repairs two pairs of toothless needle-nosed pliers work best for me. On a small repair I just grab the first two pairs I can find in my tool box. If you are missing a few rings don't worry, I will tell you where to get them at the end of this tutorial.

Step 1: Identify the 4 in 1 Pattern
Step 2: The Missing Links
Step 3: Now We are Ready
Step 4: Closed and Repeat
Step 5: Last Ring
Step 6: Good as New
Step 7: Where do you get rings?, I'm not selling!

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